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Source Image: PR205_1_08_14 of Column of Trajan

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Description

Detail of Trajan and a deceased Dacian.

Monument
Column of Trajan 
Monument Type
Architecture 
Material(s)
Luna Marble (Archaeometric identification)  
Date
circa ad 113 
Keywords
DacianHeadTrajanSpiral BorderGuideline  
Collections
Column of Trajan, Rome  

Location

Current Location
Rome 

Evidence for working practices

1. Guideline

Process
Laying-out
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Vertical (90°)
Force: Gentle
Description
Several notches in the border are visible here which Peter Rockwell has interpreted as markers left by the figure carver to record how deep the background should be carved to by the background carver. The way in which the border in this section is not properly marked out and delineated is also clear - it is essentially just the rough stone left between the two spirals.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Fine shaping
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The flat chisel is used around the top of the emperor's head to separate it from the rough background.

3. Toolmarks

Process
Outlining
Tool
Channelling Tool
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
Deep channels carved using a channelling tool are visible around the Dacian at the top.

4. Toolmarks

Process
Smoothing
Tool
Rasp
Description
The rasp is used on the Dacian.

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