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Source Image: PR210_04_09 of Panel B of Arch of Constantine

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Description

Detail of garland.

Monument
Arch of Constantine 
Monument Part
Panel B 
Monument Type
Relief 
Material(s)
Marble (Visual identification)  
Date
circa ad 176 - circa ad 180 
Keywords
Garland  
Collections
Arch of Constantine, Rome  

Location

Original Location
Rome 

Evidence for working practices

1. - Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Drill
Method
Vertical (90°)
Description
The drill is used here to give a rough outline to the leaves in the garland. Rather than combining these drill holes with a channelling tool of some sort the carver here was content to leave them as separate holes.

1. - Toolmarks

Process
Smoothing
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The flat chisel is used to smooth the background.

Notes

In this detail the almost impressionistic quality of the carving of this scene can be appreciated. The drill is used to give rough definition to the leaves within the garland but each leaf is not carefully outlined and modelled. The drill holes provide texture, then, but it was never felt necessary to carve between them and join them up. On the right side of the garland an incised line can be seen which might have been added before carving on the garland began, as a sort of guideline, or could perhaps have been added afterwards to give definition to the edge of the garland.

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