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Source Image: PR210_02_24 of Great Trajanic Frieze Panel D of Arch of Constantine

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Description

Detail of a tree.

Monument
Arch of Constantine 
Monument Part
Great Trajanic Frieze Panel D 
Monument Type
Relief 
Material(s)
Marble (Visual identification)  
Date
circa ad 106 - circa ad 117 
Keywords
Tree  
Collections
Arch of Constantine, Rome  

Location

Original Location
Rome 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Fine shaping
Tool
Roundel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The roundel is used to give texture to the boughs of the tree.

Notes

On the Column of Trajan, Peter Rockwell has proposed that the trees - and many of the other background details - were carved by specialist landscape carvers. On the Great Trajanic Frieze there are many fewer background details and they are not given much attention, suggesting that some carvers were probably responsible for all elements of the design. In comparison to the trees on the Column of Trajan this one seems a little heavy and awkward and the leaves are much less carefully modelled.

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