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Source Image: PR309_15_19 of Aphrodisias Quarries

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Description

Detail of wedge holes and quarry pick marks in one of the so-called City Quarries near Aphrodisias.

Monument
Aphrodisias Quarries 
Monument Type
Quarry 
Material(s)
Aphrodisian marble (Archaeometric identification)  
Date
circa bc 50 - circa ad 400 
Keywords
QuarryingWedge holes  
Collections
Aphrodisias  

Location

Original Location
Aphrodisias 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Quarrying
Tool
Pick
Method
Angle: Steep (60-70°)
Force: Hard
Description
The parallel lines along the top of this section of rock were made using the quarry pick. This is one side of a channel originally cut along the back of a block, into which the wedge holes below were cut.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Hollowing-out
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Vertical (90°)
Force: Hard
Description
The wedge holes themselves were carved out using a point chisel.

3. Wedge holes

Process
Quarrying
Tool
Wedge
Description
Wedges were used to split the rock which would have occupied the area in front of this row of wedges holes away from the bedrock. Unfortunately for the quarrymen a natural fissure in the stone meant that the block broke away unevenly from the bedrock, leaving the projecting rock in the bottom left of this image in place.

Notes

This detail is from one of the more than seventy individual extraction points which constitute the so-called City Quarries at Aphrodisias, located roughly 2 km north of the city. White and grey marbles were quarried in this area.

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