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Source Image: PR301_01_11 of Tiberius with captive panel of Aphrodisias: Sebasteion

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Description

Detail of the torso of the emperor on the Sebasteion panel depicting Tiberius and a captive.

Monument
Aphrodisias: Sebasteion 
Monument Part
Tiberius with captive panel 
Monument Type
Relief 
Material(s)
Aphrodisian marble (Visual identification)  
Date
circa ad 20 - circa ad 60 
Keywords
BodyTiberius  
Collections
Aphrodisias, Site and Museum  

Location

Original Location
Aphrodisias 
Current Location
Aphrodisias Museum 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Fine shaping
Tool
Tooth Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The torso of the emperor has been worked over with the tooth chisel before smoother shaping with flat and round-headed chisels. The tooth chiseling in this case is fairly fine and a flat-toothed chisel is used (probably with four teeth), unlike elsewhere on this panel where the tooth chisel is used for rougher work.

2. - Toolmarks

Process
Fine shaping
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The flat chisel is used on the left side of the torso to shape the details of the form more carefully.

2. - Toolmarks

Process
Fine shaping
Tool
Roundel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: ?
Description
A round-headed chisel is used on the musculature of the torso to give it emphasis. The carver is using this tool here running along the forms to define them.

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