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Source Image: PR301_03_04 of Claudius with Land and Sea panel of Aphrodisias: Sebasteion

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Description

Base of the Sebasteion panel depicting Claudius with Land and Sea.

Monument
Aphrodisias: Sebasteion 
Monument Part
Claudius with Land and Sea panel 
Monument Type
Relief 
Material(s)
Aphrodisian marble (Visual identification)  
Date
circa ad 20 - circa ad 60 
Keywords
BodyClaudiusAllegorical Figure  
Collections
Aphrodisias, Site and Museum  

Location

Original Location
Aphrodisias 
Current Location
Aphrodisias Museum 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Roughing-out
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Steep (60-70°)
Force: Medium
Description
Point chisel marks, the remains of roughing-out, can be seen on the base of the panel.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Flattening
Tool
Tooth Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Medium
Description
The background is flattened with the tooth chisel.

3. Toolmarks

Process
Fine shaping
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
Flat chiselling can be seen on the figures, especially the arm of Sea.

Notes

The fact that the figure of Sea in this detail is carved down into the base of the panel suggests that the composition was not entirely planned out before work began. In order to fit this figure in the carver had to use the space which had originally been assigned to the border.

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