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Source Image: PR305_02_21 of Garland Sarcophagus (12) of Aphrodisias: Sarcophagi

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Description

Right end of a garland sarcophagus.

Monument
Aphrodisias: Sarcophagi 
Monument Part
Garland Sarcophagus (12) 
Monument Type
Sarcophagus 
Material(s)
Aphrodisian marble (Visual identification)  
Date
circa ad 120 - circa ad 250 
Keywords
ClampColumnGarlandGarland Sarcophagus  
Collections
Aphrodisias, Site and Museum  

Location

Original Location
Aphrodisias 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Roughing-out
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Medium
Description
The medallion boss has been roughly shaped with the flat chisel and not worked any further.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Fine shaping
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
Finer carvings is visible on the garlands and columns.

3. Clamp socket

Process
Securing
Description
The clamp hole on the top of this side shows that a lid was fixed onto this chest, indicating that it was used for a burial.

Notes

The difference in finish between the medallion and the garland is a feature of other sarcophagi at Aphrodisias (see PR305_02_13) and might indicate the division of labour between specialist carvers.

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