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Source Image: PR308_02_04 of Re-carved philosopher of Aphrodisias: Sculptor's Workshop

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Description

Detail of re-carved philosopher.

Monument
Aphrodisias: Sculptor's Workshop 
Monument Part
Re-carved philosopher 
Monument Type
Statuary 
Material(s)
Aphrodisian marble (Visual identification)  
Date
post bc 30 - pre ad 450 
Keywords
HeadRe-Carving  
Collections
Aphrodisias, Site and Museum  

Location

Original Location
Aphrodisias 
Current Location
Aphrodisias Museum 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Fine shaping
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
Most of the hair and the ear down the side of this portrait are carefully worked with the flat chisel. This stage of work remains from the original phase of carving.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Drill
Method
Vertical (90°)
Description
The original beard was worked with the drill.

3. Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Channelling Tool
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
Following drilling the curls of the beard were defined with the channelling tool.

4. Toolmarks

Process
Smoothing
Tool
Rasp
Description
Rasp marks are visible on the side of the neck.

5. Toolmarks

Process
Re-use
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Vertical (90°)
Force: Medium
Description
Rough point chiselling can be seen on the front of the hair, where the sculptor has had to carve back the original hairstyle

6. Toolmarks

Process
Re-use
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Steep (60-70°)
Force: Medium
Description
The face and particularly the front of the beard have also been carved back, this time with the flat chisel.

Notes

This portrait was found in the Sculptor's Workshop and consists of a finished bust of a philosopher (or other bearded individual) which was in the process of being re-carved. Although re-carved portraits are relatively common this is one of the few unfinished examples.

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