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Source Image: PR302_02_12 of Entablature of Aphrodisias: Agora Gate

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Description

Section of an entablature block from the Agora Gate.

Monument
Aphrodisias: Agora Gate 
Monument Part
Entablature 
Monument Type
Architecture 
Material(s)
Aphrodisian marble (Visual identification)  
Date
bc None 
Keywords
MouldingEntablature  
Collections
Aphrodisias, Site and Museum  

Location

Original Location
Aphrodisias 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Squaring
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Vertical (90°)
Force: Medium
Description
The right end of this entablature block is roughly squared with the point chisel but not worked any further than this. It was presumably inserted into the structure and so never visible.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Roughing-out
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Steep (60-70°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The remains of the roughed-out condition in which most of the entablature was probably carved are visible on the curved surface of the frieze, above the line of completed egg-and-dart moulding.

3. Toolmarks

Process
Flattening
Tool
Tooth Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The flat surfaces of the top of the entablature - the cornice - are worked with the tooth chisel. Around the corner of the block, on the left, the cornice is detailed, presumably because it was more visible than this section.

4. Toolmarks

Process
Fine shaping
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
Flat chisel marks are visible on the flat surfaces of the architrave and the egg-and-dart moulding.

Notes

The different stages of work which an entablature block would have gone through are visible on this part-finished example. The whole block would first have been roughly squared with the point (visible on the right), before finer roughing-out work was undertaken to define the basic shape of the entablature. This second stage of roughing-out is left in those areas which were meant to be carved with decoration (such as the frieze), while those areas that were to be left flat were worked further with the tooth and flat chisel (such as the cornice). At some point it was decided only to finish the bottom half of this entablature, probably because it was around a corner and so not very visible. This decision means that this block was left half-finished and so is revealing of the stages of earlier work which would normally have been erased during finishing.

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