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Source Image: PR302_02_03 of Column (2) of Aphrodisias: Agora Gate

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Description

View of a column shaft on the Agora Gate.

Monument
Aphrodisias: Agora Gate 
Monument Part
Column (2) 
Monument Type
Architecture 
Material(s)
Aphrodisian marble (Visual identification)  
Date
bc None 
Keywords
FlutingColumn ShaftColumn Base  
Collections
Aphrodisias, Site and Museum  

Location

Original Location
Aphrodisias 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Rough shaping
Tool
Tooth Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The surface of the drums making up this shaft were first worked with the tooth chisel, the marks of which are visible in parallel lines running along the lower drum. These strips correspond to the areas of the shaft which will be carved into flutes.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Rough shaping
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
Between the strips of tooth chiselling are strips of flat chiselling, corresponding to those sections of the shaft between the flutes.

3. Toolmarks

Process
Rough shaping
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Medium
Description
Deep lines have been carved into the middle of the flutes on the top drum. The incising of these lines seems to have been the first stage in the process of carving out the flutes themselves.

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