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Source Image: PR302_02_01 of Column (2) of Aphrodisias: Agora Gate

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Description

Detail of a column shaft on the Agora Gate.

Monument
Aphrodisias: Agora Gate 
Monument Part
Column (2) 
Monument Type
Architecture 
Material(s)
Aphrodisian marble (Visual identification)  
Date
bc None 
Keywords
GuidelineColumn Shaft  
Collections
Aphrodisias, Site and Museum  

Location

Original Location
Aphrodisias 

Evidence for working practices

1. Guideline

Process
Laying-out
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
An incised guideline has been carved into one side of this shaft to act as a marker during the laying-out of the fluting.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Rough shaping
Tool
Tooth Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
Flat strips of tooth chiselling can be seen running down the length of the shaft. These marks those areas of the shaft that will be carved into flutes during the next stage of work, which for some reason was never undertaken here.

3. Toolmarks

Process
Rough shaping
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
Between the strips of tooth chiselling are similar strips of finer flat chiselling. These equate to areas between the flutes. This series of flat surfaces running around the shaft means that at this stage of work the shaft is actually facetted rather than completely rounded. This is a standard way of preparing the surface of a column shaft for fluting and can also be seen on the columns of the Temple of Vespasian.

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