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Source Image: PR301_07_24 of South Building of Aphrodisias: Sebasteion

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Description

Detail of engaged column from the south building of the Sebasteion.

Monument
Aphrodisias: Sebasteion 
Monument Part
South Building 
Monument Type
Architecture 
Material(s)
Aphrodisian marble (Visual identification)  
Date
circa ad 20 - circa ad 60 
Keywords
GuidelineFlutingEngaged Column  
Collections
Aphrodisias, Site and Museum  

Location

Original Location
Aphrodisias 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Rough shaping
Tool
Tooth Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Medium
Description
The lower section of this column is worked with the tooth chisel to a fairly flat finish.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Fine shaping
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The flutes themselves are carved with the flat chisel.

3. Guideline

Process
Laying-out
Tool
Flat Chisel
Description
A guideline is incised into the surface of the shaft to mark where the centre of the middle flute should be, but the fact that it is incised across both sections of the column indicate that it was added or carved again following initial work on the flutes. This line could also mark the division meeting two separate workers since the flutes are carved to a lower point on the right than on the left of this line. This might indicate that each column was worked on by at least two carvers.

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