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Source Image: PR305_01_02 of Garland Sarcophagus (1) of Aphrodisias: Sarcophagi

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Description

Right end of a roughed-out garland sarcophagus.

Monument
Aphrodisias: Sarcophagi 
Monument Part
Garland Sarcophagus (1) 
Monument Type
Sarcophagus 
Material(s)
Aphrodisian marble (Visual identification)  
Date
circa ad 120 - circa ad 250 
Keywords
GarlandGarland Sarcophagus  
Collections
Aphrodisias, Site and Museum  

Location

Original Location
Aphrodisias 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Squaring
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Vertical (90°)
Force: Hard
Description
The upper surface of this end of the sarcophagus has been roughly squared with the point chisel.

2. - Guideline

Process
Laying-out
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Hard
Description
The scheme for the roughed-out garland form has been incised into the roughly squared surface of the chest.

2. - Centre point

Process
Laying-out
Description
A compass point can be seen in the middle of the lefthand boss which was used for laying out the design of the garlands.

3. Toolmarks

Process
Roughing-out
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Vertical (90°)
Force: Medium
Description
The base of the chest has been roughed-out, as has the top, but work on the garland scheme was only just started. Why work was abandoned at this stage is unclear but it is possible that the chest was needed immediately.

4. Drainage hole

Process
Re-use
Description
The drainage hole in the bottom left corner of the chest is probably a later addition. Many sarcophagi ended up as water troughs or were used for storing or fermenting liquids in later periods and often had drainage holes added to them to facilitate this.

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