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Source Image: PR301_07_04 of South Building of Aphrodisias: Sebasteion

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Description

Detail of an architectural block from the south building of the Sebasteion.

Monument
Aphrodisias: Sebasteion 
Monument Part
South Building 
Monument Type
Architecture 
Material(s)
Aphrodisian marble (Visual identification)  
Date
circa ad 20 - circa ad 60 
Keywords
HeadMouldingPodium  
Collections
Aphrodisias, Site and Museum  

Location

Original Location
Aphrodisias 

Evidence for working practices

1. - Toolmarks

Process
Rough shaping
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Steep (60-70°)
Force: Medium
Description
Point chisel marks are visible on the central medallion from where it was originally roughed-out.

1. - Toolmarks

Process
Roughing-out
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Steep (60-70°)
Force: Medium
Description
Point chisel marks are also visible on the top right corner of the frame where work had begun on shaping the profile of this frame.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Flattening
Tool
Tooth Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Medium
Description
The flat surfaces of the panel are flattened with the tooth chisel.

Notes

This part-finished block reveals several stages in the carving process. The whole panel was clearly roughly shaped and its background smoothed with a rough boss left and its centre for the medallion. Next the frame of the panel was delineated and shaped, though for some reason the top section of this frame was never finished. Only after this work was the central medallion carved, in this case to represent a bearded head, though again this was left unfinished. A measuring point beneath the mouth of this central figure, roughly in the centre of the block, was presumably the point from which the whole design was laid out.

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