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Source Image: PR305_01_03 of Garland Sarcophagus (1) of Aphrodisias: Sarcophagi

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Description

Left end of a roughed-out garland sarcophagus.

Monument
Aphrodisias: Sarcophagi 
Monument Part
Garland Sarcophagus (1) 
Monument Type
Sarcophagus 
Material(s)
Aphrodisian marble (Visual identification)  
Date
circa ad 120 - circa ad 250 
Keywords
GarlandGarland Sarcophagus  
Collections
Aphrodisias, Site and Museum  

Location

Original Location
Aphrodisias 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Squaring
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Vertical (90°)
Force: Hard
Description
Two different levels of point chiselling are visible on this end of this sarcophagus. On the surface of the roughed-out garlands are the remains of rough squaring with the point chisel. This stage of work was probably done in the quarry before this object was moved down to the city.

2. Guideline

Process
Laying-out
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Hard
Description
Following squaring the carver responsible seems to have incised the rough decorative scheme onto the chest to guide them during the roughing-out process. The traces of these guidelines are visible on the lower edges of the garland swags and the central hanging element.

3. Toolmarks

Process
Roughing-out
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Vertical (90°)
Force: Medium
Description
Slightly finer point chisel work is visible on those areas carved out of the squared block during roughing-out, especially in the channels around the circular bosses.

4. Clamp socket

Process
Securing
Description
A clamp hole is visible on the top right of this chest which shows that it had a lid attached which was secured in place. Even though this chest was only roughed-out, then, it was still used.

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