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Source Image: PR301_05_17 of Herakles freeing Prometheus panel of Aphrodisias: Sebasteion

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Description

Detail of the Sebasteion panel depicting Herakles freeing Prometheus.

Monument
Aphrodisias: Sebasteion 
Monument Part
Herakles freeing Prometheus panel 
Monument Type
Relief 
Material(s)
Aphrodisian marble (Visual identification)  
Date
circa ad 20 - circa ad 60 
Keywords
BodyHerakles  
Collections
Aphrodisias, Site and Museum  

Location

Original Location
Aphrodisias 
Current Location
Aphrodisias Museum 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Roughing-out
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Medium
Description
Marks of the point chisel running in lines are visible between the feet of Prometheus and Herakles. This shows the carver was working around the roughed-out forms of the figures. None of this would have been visible from the ground.

2. - Toolmarks

Process
Rough shaping
Tool
Tooth Chisel
Method
Angle: Steep (60-70°)
Force: Medium
Description
The tooth chisel is used to roughly worked the background.

2. - Toolmarks

Process
Rough shaping
Tool
Tooth Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Medium
Description
Herakles' lion skin and club are also shaped with the tooth chisel but not taken any further.

3. Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Drill
Method
Vertical (90°)
Description
Drill holes are visible in the lion's paw at the end of Herakles' cloak.

4. Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Channelling Tool
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The channels in the lion's paw are carved using a channelling tool following initial work with the drill.

5. Toolmarks

Process
Outlining
Tool
Channelling Tool
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
Outlines carved with a channelling tool are visible around all the figures.

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