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Source Image: PR301_05_16 of Herakles freeing Prometheus panel of Aphrodisias: Sebasteion

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Description

Detail of the Sebasteion panel depicting Herakles freeing Prometheus.

Monument
Aphrodisias: Sebasteion 
Monument Part
Herakles freeing Prometheus panel 
Monument Type
Relief 
Material(s)
Aphrodisian marble (Visual identification)  
Date
circa ad 20 - circa ad 60 
Keywords
Herakles  
Collections
Aphrodisias, Site and Museum  

Location

Original Location
Aphrodisias 
Current Location
Aphrodisias Museum 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Roughing-out
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Vertical (90°)
Force: Medium
Description
Rough point chiselling can be seen on the right, on the inner edge of the panel.

2. - Toolmarks

Process
Rough shaping
Tool
Tooth Chisel
Method
Angle: Steep (60-70°)
Force: Medium
Description
The rough background is worked with the tooth chisel to create a deliberate texture.

2. - Toolmarks

Process
Rough shaping
Tool
Tooth Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Medium
Description
Herakles' cloak is also carved with the tooth chisel and not taken any further, unlike the rest of the figure.

3. Toolmarks

Process
Fine shaping
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Medium
Description
Marks of the flat chisel are visible on Herakles' face and the lion's head of his cloak.

4. Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Drill
Method
Vertical (90°)
Description
The marks of the drill are visible in the lion's mane of Herakles' cloak.

5. Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Channelling Tool
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
A channelling tool is used following the drill in the lion's mane.

6. Toolmarks

Process
Smoothing
Tool
Rasp
Description
The middle part of Herakles' torso is smoothed with the rasp.

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