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Source Image: PR302_05_01 of South Portico of Aphrodisias: North Agora

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Description

Detail of the entablature of the North Agora colonnade.

Monument
Aphrodisias: North Agora 
Monument Part
South Portico 
Monument Type
Architecture 
Material(s)
Aphrodisian marble (Visual identification)  
Date
post bc 15 - pre ad 100 
Keywords
Block DivisionGarlandEntablature  
Collections
Aphrodisias, Site and Museum  

Location

Original Location
Aphrodisias 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Roughing-out
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Steep (60-70°)
Force: Medium
Description
Point chisel marks are visible on the roughed-out section of the frieze.

2. Block joint

Process
Placement
Description
The roughing-out of the garland design was certainly done before the block was put into place but so too was the detailed carving on the adjacent block, to judge from the fact that it stops at the end of the block.

Notes

This image shows a roughed-out section of the garland frieze which elsewhere on this portico is finished. This might indicate that all of the blocks of the entablature were put up with the frieze roughed-out in this way for finishing in place but it does not necessarily. This might simply have been a stage of work that the frieze went through on the ground before being finished and put into place. Perhaps in this case the righthand block of the frieze was simply needed before it was finished and so was put up in this state. What Peter Rockwell calls the rhythm of construction is crucial here - if the block was needed so that work could continue on the building then it had to be put in place, where it could be finished if necessary or simply left as it was. This suggestion is supported by the fact that the detailed decorative carving does not carry on across the division between blocks but instead stops at the end of the lefthand block of the frieze. This roughed-out block, then, is not in the right place since its decoration does not line up with that of the one next to it, and it seems likely that it was simply put into place in a hurry. It is also notable that the method for roughing-out the garland design is identical to the system used on later garland sarcophagi at Aphrodisias and elsewhere.

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