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Source Image: PR302_02_19 of South Archway of Aphrodisias: Agora Gate

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Description

Detail of the voussoirs of the south archway of the Agora Gate.

Monument
Aphrodisias: Agora Gate 
Monument Part
South Archway 
Monument Type
Architecture 
Material(s)
Aphrodisian marble (Visual identification)  
Date
bc None 
Keywords
Block DivisionVoussoir  
Collections
Aphrodisias, Site and Museum  

Location

Original Location
Aphrodisias 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Roughing-out
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Vertical (90°)
Force: Medium
Description
Rough point chiselling is visible on the underside of the voussoirs in this arch.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Roughing-out
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Steep (60-70°)
Force: Gentle
Description
Finer point chiselling is visible on the bands on the voussoirs themselves, which were presumably intended to be carved with more intricate decoration.

3. Toolmarks

Process
Flattening
Tool
Tooth Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The flat surfaces of the voussoirs are worked with the tooth chisel.

4. Block joint

Process
Placement
Description
Although these blocks have clearly moved since they were put in place, the differences in size between the decorative bands of the two middle voussoirs suggest that these were carved on the ground and not in place. While the projection at the top of each block matches up quite neatly, the bands below are carved with different widths.

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