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Source Image: PR301_03_09 of Claudius with Land and Sea panel of Aphrodisias: Sebasteion

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Description

Detail of Sebasteion panel depicting Claudius with Land and Sea.

Monument
Aphrodisias: Sebasteion 
Monument Part
Claudius with Land and Sea panel 
Monument Type
Relief 
Material(s)
Aphrodisian marble (Visual identification)  
Date
circa ad 20 - circa ad 60 
Keywords
BodyClothingClaudius  
Collections
Aphrodisias, Site and Museum  

Location

Original Location
Aphrodisias 
Current Location
Aphrodisias Museum 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Flattening
Tool
Tooth Chisel
Method
Angle: Steep (60-70°)
Force: Hard
Description
The background has been flattened with a tooth chisel held closer to the vertical than normal to give a quick rough finish.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Fine shaping
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: ?
Description
Flat chisel marks can be seen on the torso of the emperor.

3. Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Channelling Tool
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The grooves in the drapery are carved with the channelling tool, perhaps following drill work, though no drill holes are visible.

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