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Source Image: PR302_03_12 of Stairway of Aphrodisias: Agora Gate

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Description

Detail of an ashlar wall on the Agora Gate.

Monument
Aphrodisias: Agora Gate 
Monument Part
Stairway 
Monument Type
Architecture 
Material(s)
Aphrodisian marble (Visual identification)  
Date
bc None 
Keywords
Block DivisionAshlar Wall  
Collections
Aphrodisias, Site and Museum  

Location

Original Location
Aphrodisias 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Squaring
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Steep (60-70°)
Force: Hard
Description
The surface of the block in the top right is worked with the point chisel. This seems to have been the surface which all of the blocks had before they were put into place.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Flattening
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Medium
Description
Following squaring, the edges of these blocks appear to have been flattened with the flat chisel and their corners chamfered to ensure that the joint between blocks was flush.

3. Block joint

Process
Placement
Description
These blocks were put in place following initial squaring and definition of their corners.

4. Toolmarks

Process
Flattening
Tool
Tooth Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Medium
Description
The flat surface at the bottom is worked with the tooth chisel and seems to have been done only once the blocks were in place.

5. Toolmarks

Process
Smoothing
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
Some of the edges of the blocks have also been smoothed further with the flat chisel

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