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Source Image: PR302_01_10 of East Wall of Aphrodisias: Agora Gate

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Description

General view of the southern wall of the Agora Gate.

Monument
Aphrodisias: Agora Gate 
Monument Part
East Wall 
Monument Type
Architecture 
Material(s)
Aphrodisian marble (Visual identification)  
Date
bc None 
Keywords
Block DivisionClampGuidelineLifting bossColumn ShaftAshlar Wall  
Collections
Aphrodisias, Site and Museum  

Location

Original Location
Aphrodisias 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Squaring
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Vertical (90°)
Force: Medium
Description
Rough point chiselling as part of an initial phase of squaring can be seen on the end of the block in the foreground.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Squaring
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Steep (60-70°)
Force: Medium
Description
The surfaces of the blocks in the wall are point chiselled to create a roughly flat surface.

3. Toolmarks

Process
Fine shaping
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Medium
Description
The edges of some of the blocks in the wall and of the block in the foreground are worked with the flat chisel to ensure a close joint between blocks.

4. Lifting boss

Process
Placement
Description
The lifting bosses in the background would have assisted the attachment of ropes to these blocks during the construction process. They were meant to have been removed once the blocks were put in place but for some reason never were.

5. Pin socket

Process
Securing
Description
The hole at the base of the column shaft in the foreground is made by the removal of a metal pin which would originally have fixed this shaft in place.

6. Guideline

Process
Laying-out
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
Guidelines for the laying-out of the fluting are visible on the upper drum of the column shaft.

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