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Source Image: PR305_01_06 of Garland Sarcophagus (2) of Aphrodisias: Sarcophagi

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Description

Roughed-out garland sarcophagus.

Monument
Aphrodisias: Sarcophagi 
Monument Part
Garland Sarcophagus (2) 
Monument Type
Sarcophagus 
Material(s)
Aphrodisian marble (Visual identification)  
Date
circa ad 120 - circa ad 250 
Keywords
GarlandTabulaGarland Sarcophagus  
Collections
Aphrodisias, Site and Museum  

Location

Original Location
Aphrodisias 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Squaring
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Vertical (90°)
Force: Hard
Description
The whole block from which this sarcophagus was carved was clearly roughly squared with the point chisel as an initial stage of work.

2. Guideline

Process
Laying-out
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Vertical (90°)
Force: Medium
Description
The forms of the garland and bosses appear then to have been marked out with a point chisel.

3. Toolmarks

Process
Roughing-out
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Vertical (90°)
Force: Medium
Description
Following this stage of planning the excess stone was carved away back to the background plane, except in the corner on the front where a small section of stone was left untouched.

4. Toolmarks

Process
Flattening
Tool
Tooth Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Medium
Description
The tabula was then flattened and delineated so that it could be used for an inscription when required.

Notes

The way in which the roughing-out was achieved on this sarcophagus is distinctly different from the system observed on other sarcophagi at Aphrodisias (such as PR305_01_03). On this example the form of the garlands and the hanging elements suspended from them are much more carefully marked out before the rest of the stone around them was carved away, while on other examples the design of the garlands is only blocked-out. On this example the tabula has also been more carefully flattened ready for use.

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