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Source Image: PR301_06_09 of Achilles and Penthesilea panel of Aphrodisias: Sebasteion

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Description

Detail of Sebasteion panel depicting Achilles and Penthesilea.

Monument
Aphrodisias: Sebasteion 
Monument Part
Achilles and Penthesilea panel 
Monument Type
Relief 
Material(s)
Aphrodisian marble (Visual identification)  
Date
circa ad 20 - circa ad 60 
Keywords
BodyAchillesPenthesileaClamp  
Collections
Aphrodisias, Site and Museum  

Location

Original Location
Aphrodisias 
Current Location
Aphrodisias Museum 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Roughing-out
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Steep (60-70°)
Force: Gentle
Description
Careful point chiselling can be seen on the ledge on which the figures stand, vestiges of roughing-out.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Flattening
Tool
Tooth Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Medium
Description
The flat surfaces of the panel beneath the main scene are all flattened with the tooth chisel, like the background of the scene itself.

3. Toolmarks

Process
Fine shaping
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The moulded frame around the lower panel is carved using the flat chisel.

4. Clamp socket

Process
Securing
Tool
Metal clamp/pin
Description
Two holes left by a metal clamp are visible in the bottom right corner. This clamp was presumably applied to hold the relief in place once it was fitted into the building.

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