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Source Image: PR301_01_12 of Tiberius with captive panel of Aphrodisias: Sebasteion

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Description

Detail of measuring point on the Sebasteion panel depicting Tiberius and a captive.

Monument
Aphrodisias: Sebasteion 
Monument Part
Tiberius with captive panel 
Monument Type
Relief 
Material(s)
Aphrodisian marble (Visual identification)  
Date
circa ad 20 - circa ad 60 
Keywords
BodyTiberiusMeasuring Point  
Collections
Aphrodisias, Site and Museum  

Location

Original Location
Aphrodisias 
Current Location
Aphrodisias Museum 

Evidence for working practices

1. Measuring point

Process
Measurement
Tool
Callipers
Description
The measuring point here must have been set out early on in the carving process and acted as a point of reference throughout. Why it was left is not clear but perhaps this panel was rushed into use.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Fine shaping
Tool
Tooth Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The surface of the abdomen and the right leg is carefully shaped using a tooth chisel. This chisel seems to have four flat teeth.

3. Toolmarks

Process
Fine shaping
Tool
Tooth Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
Following the working of the surfaces with the tooth chisel the same tool was then used to define the form of the musculature to give emphasis to it. This chisel again seems to have four flat teeth.

4. Toolmarks

Process
Fine shaping
Tool
Roundel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
A round-headed chisel is also used to define the lower edge of the musculature, which the carver used following along the line established by prior tooth chiselling.

5. Toolmarks

Process
Fine shaping
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
Flat chisel marks are visible on the top portions of both legs.

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