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Source Image: PR301_01_07 of Tiberius with captive panel of Aphrodisias: Sebasteion

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Description

Detail of legs of the emperor on the Sebasteion panel depicting Tiberius and a captive.

Monument
Aphrodisias: Sebasteion 
Monument Part
Tiberius with captive panel 
Monument Type
Relief 
Material(s)
Aphrodisian marble (Visual identification)  
Date
circa ad 20 - circa ad 60 
Keywords
BodyClothingTiberiusMeasuring Point  
Collections
Aphrodisias, Site and Museum  

Location

Original Location
Aphrodisias 
Current Location
Aphrodisias Museum 

Evidence for working practices

1. Measuring point

Process
Measurement
Description
The measuring point on the lower abdomen of this figure must have been put in during or before roughing-out and served as a reference point during carving. Why it was left is not clear though perhaps this relief was rushed into place.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Rough shaping
Tool
Tooth Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: ?
Description
Tooth chisel marks are visible on the lower legs and around the underside of the emperor's righthand knee. These represent a stage of shaping before work with the flat and round-headed chisel.

3. - Toolmarks

Process
Fine shaping
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: ?
Description
Flat chisel marks are visible on the upper legs and torso of the emperor.

3. - Toolmarks

Process
Fine shaping
Tool
Roundel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: ?
Description
A round-headed chisel, the marks of which are especially clear around his righthand knee, was used in conjunction with the flat chisel to finely shaped the body of the emperor.

4. Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Drill
Method
Vertical (90°)
Description
Drill holes are visible in the bottom of the deep folds in the drapery to the right.

5. Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Channelling Tool
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
A channelling tool is used to achieve depth in the drapery to the right following initial work with the drill.

Notes

The righthand knee of the emperor in this detail is very quickly carved, the crease running across the top of it simply modelled with a round-headed chisel. This is very fast carving and is typical of many of the Sebasteion panels.

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