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Source Image: PR301_06_07 of Achilles and Penthesilea panel of Aphrodisias: Sebasteion

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Description

Detail of Sebasteion panel depicting Achilles and Penthesilea.

Monument
Aphrodisias: Sebasteion 
Monument Part
Achilles and Penthesilea panel 
Monument Type
Relief 
Material(s)
Aphrodisian marble (Visual identification)  
Date
circa ad 20 - circa ad 60 
Keywords
AchillesPenthesilea  
Collections
Aphrodisias, Site and Museum  

Location

Original Location
Aphrodisias 
Current Location
Aphrodisias Museum 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Roughing-out
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Steep (60-70°)
Force: Gentle
Description
Careful point chiselling can be seen along the ledge on which the figures stand but the feet are carved rather than just left roughed-out as on so many of the Sebasteion panels.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Flattening
Tool
Tooth Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Medium
Description
Tooth chisel marks are visible on the flat surfaces of the lower section of the relief beneath Achilles' foot.

3. Toolmarks

Process
Fine shaping
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
Flat chiselling can be seen on the Achilles' left foot and the structure on which his other foot rests.

Notes

This is one of the most highly finished panels on the Sebasteion. Not only are the figures smoothed with abrasives but very little roughed-out work is left, even around the feet of the figures. Achilles' left foot even overlaps the lower border of the scene slightly, a deliberate detail intended to bring the scene to life.

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