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Source Image: PR301_09_10 of Apollo and hero panel of Aphrodisias: Sebasteion

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Description

Diagram showing toolmarks on the Sebasteion panel depicting Apollo and a royal hero.

Monument
Aphrodisias: Sebasteion 
Monument Part
Apollo and hero panel 
Monument Type
Relief 
Material(s)
Aphrodisian marble (Visual identification)  
Date
circa ad 20 - circa ad 60 
Keywords
ApolloMythic Character  
Collections
Aphrodisias, Site and Museum  

Location

Original Location
Aphrodisias 
Current Location
Aphrodisias Museum 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Roughing-out
Tool
Point
Description
Point chiselling is visible on the ledge on which the figures stand and nowhere else on this panel.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Flattening
Tool
Tooth Chisel
Description
The flat surfaces of the background and the podium on which Apollo sits to the left are worked with the tooth chisel.

3. Toolmarks

Process
Fine shaping
Tool
Flat Chisel
Description
The meander in the panel at the bottom and the tripod next to Apollo are both finely shaped with the flat chisel but not taken any further than this.

4. Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Drill
Method
Vertical (90°)
Description
Drill holes are visible in the foliage lying against the central female figure's thigh and in Apollo's cloak.

5. Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Channelling Tool
Description
A channelling tool has been used to carve the deep folds in all of the figures' drapery.

6. Toolmarks

Process
Smoothing
Tool
Rasp
Description
The smooth finish on all of the figures has been achieved with a first level of rasping the remains of which can be seen in particular on the figure to the right and the border of the lower panel.

7. Toolmarks

Process
Smoothing
Tool
Abrasives
Description
A final level of smoothing is applied on all of the figures, but not uniformly across them, using abrasives.

Notes

This diagram shows the documentation system used by Peter Rockwell in his analysis of toolmarks on the Sebasteion.

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