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Source Image: PR301_03_15 of Bellerophon panel of Aphrodisias: Sebasteion

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Description

Detail of Pegasus on the Sebasteion panel depicting Bellerophon.

Monument
Aphrodisias: Sebasteion 
Monument Part
Bellerophon panel 
Monument Type
Relief 
Material(s)
Aphrodisian marble (Visual identification)  
Date
circa ad 20 - circa ad 60 
Keywords
BellerophonHorse  
Collections
Aphrodisias, Site and Museum  

Location

Original Location
Aphrodisias 
Current Location
Aphrodisias Museum 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Squaring
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Vertical (90°)
Force: Hard
Description
The side of the block has been roughly squared with the point chisel.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Roughing-out
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Steep (60-70°)
Force: Gentle
Description
The remains of the roughed-out state in which the panel was originally carved can be seen around the heads of the horse and Bellerophon. The roughed-out form of the horse's head was clearly quite a lot larger than the final form and allowed for a range of details to be added during more detailed carving. All of this rough work was hidden from the ground by the angle at which the horse's head projects.

3. Toolmarks

Process
Fine shaping
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: ?
Description
The front of the horse's head is shaped with the flat chisel.

Notes

Even though this is one of the lowest quality carvings on the Sebasteion and a considerable amount of rough work is left around both the horse and Bellerophon, the carver still went to a lot of effort to carve the horse's leg in the round.

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