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Source Image: PR305_02_11 of Garland Sarcophagus (9) of Aphrodisias: Sarcophagi

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Description

Right end of a garland sarcophagus.

Monument
Aphrodisias: Sarcophagi 
Monument Part
Garland Sarcophagus (9) 
Monument Type
Sarcophagus 
Material(s)
Aphrodisian marble (Visual identification)  
Date
circa ad 120 - circa ad 250 
Keywords
ClampGarlandGarland Sarcophagus  
Collections
Aphrodisias, Site and Museum  

Location

Original Location
Aphrodisias 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Roughing-out
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Vertical (90°)
Force: Medium
Description
Rough point chiselling is still visible on this end on the boss, which has only been generally shaped, and the hanging element beneath the garland. The support figures also seem to be only roughly worked.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Rough shaping
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Medium
Description
The more detailed work on the garland has been done with the flat chisel but not articulated further will the drill.

3. Clamp socket

Process
Securing
Description
A clamp hole on the top shows that lid and chest were secured together at some point and so presumably this sarcophagus was used for a burial.

Notes

The difference in finish between the rough boss which was clearly intended to be carved into a face and the garland might indicate a division of labour between specialist figure-carvers and decorative-carvers, with the former not having completed their section in this case.

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