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Source Image: PR305_06_07 of Relief Sarcophagus (1) of Aphrodisias: Sarcophagi

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Description

Detail of the front of a relief sarcophagus.

Monument
Aphrodisias: Sarcophagi 
Monument Part
Relief Sarcophagus (1) 
Monument Type
Sarcophagus 
Material(s)
Aphrodisian marble (Visual identification)  
Date
circa ad 120 - circa ad 250 
Keywords
HermesRelief Sarcophagus  
Collections
Aphrodisias, Site and Museum  

Location

Original Location
Aphrodisias 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Roughing-out
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Steep (60-70°)
Force: Medium
Description
The roughed-out form of Hermes' caduceus can be seen here. This detailed form was clearly blocked-out as a rectangular block before any further carving was undertaken on it.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Rough shaping
Tool
Roundel
Method
Angle: Steep (60-70°)
Force: Medium
Description
The first stage of shaping on the caduceus appears to have been done quite roughly with a round-headed chisel, to judge from the toolmarks at its lower end.

3. Toolmarks

Process
Fine shaping
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Medium
Description
The snakes of the caduceus are finely carved with the flat chisel, as is Hermes' cloak.

4. Toolmarks

Process
Flattening
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Medium
Description
The background is flattened with the flat chisel.

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