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Source Image: PR305_04_03 of Columnar Sarcophagus (2) of Aphrodisias: Sarcophagi

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Description

Right end of columnar sarcophagus.

Monument
Aphrodisias: Sarcophagi 
Monument Part
Columnar Sarcophagus (2) 
Monument Type
Sarcophagus 
Material(s)
Aphrodisian marble (Visual identification)  
Date
circa ad 120 - circa ad 250 
Keywords
ClampColumnar Sarcophagus  
Collections
Aphrodisias, Site and Museum  

Location

Original Location
Aphrodisias 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Squaring
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Vertical (90°)
Force: Medium
Description
The whole surface of block seems to have been roughly squared with the point chisel.

2. - Toolmarks

Process
Roughing-out
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Vertical (90°)
Force: Medium
Description
The lower profile and upper surface of the chest were then roughed-out quite finely with the point chisel.

2. - Toolmarks

Process
Roughing-out
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Vertical (90°)
Force: Medium
Description
At the same time, or perhaps following this first stage of roughing-out, the spaces for the capitals and bases were defined using first then point chisel.

3. Toolmarks

Process
Rough shaping
Tool
Tooth Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Medium
Description
The spaces for the capitals and bases were apparently shaped with the tooth chisel even before work on the arches had begun.

4. Clamp socket

Process
Securing
Description
A clamp hole on the top of this end of this sarcophagus shows that the lid was secured and that the sarcophagus was therefore used.

Notes

The end of this sarcophagus shows how the initial stages of roughing-out were organised more clearly than the front (see PR305_03_22). Following initial roughing-out it was the bottom profile and top of the chest that were shaped, then the capitals and bases of the columns were defined to determine the overall spacing of the architectural framework before any work on the columns, arches or figures began. This shows that the roughing-out process was more broken up than is suggested by the front of this sarcophagus.

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