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Source Image: PR301_01_05 of Tiberius with captive panel of Aphrodisias: Sebasteion

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Description

Detail of the emperor on the Sebasteion panel depicting Tiberius and a captive.

Monument
Aphrodisias: Sebasteion 
Monument Part
Tiberius with captive panel 
Monument Type
Relief 
Material(s)
Aphrodisian marble (Visual identification)  
Date
circa ad 20 - circa ad 60 
Keywords
HeadBodyClothingTiberiusMeasuring Point  
Collections
Aphrodisias, Site and Museum  

Location

Original Location
Aphrodisias 
Current Location
Aphrodisias Museum 

Evidence for working practices

1. Toolmarks

Process
Squaring
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Vertical (90°)
Force: Hard
Description
Rough point chisel marks can be seen on the rear side of the block behind this panel, the vestiges of the roughly squared block into which this carving was undertaken.

2. Measuring point

Process
Measurement
Tool
Callipers
Description
The measuring point on the lower abdomen of the emperor was presumably added during or before roughing-out and used as a reference point throughout the carving process. Why it was never removed is unclear but perhaps this panel was rushed into place.

3. Toolmarks

Process
Roughing-out
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Steep (60-70°)
Force: Medium
Description
Point chisel marks can be seen on the background beneath the emperor's right arm.

4. Toolmarks

Process
Fine shaping
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: ?
Description
Flat chisel marks are visible on the body of the emperor, which has been finely shaped but not smoothed.

5. Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Drill
Method
Vertical (90°)
Description
The drill is used in the deep folds of the drapery to achieve depth.

6. Toolmarks

Process
Detailing
Tool
Channelling Tool
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
A channelling is used following the drill to achieve the deep folds in the emperor's drapery.

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