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Source Image: PR302_07_15 of Column (2) of Aphrodisias: Agora Gate

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Description

Detail of a column shaft on the first storey of the Agora Gate.

Monument
Aphrodisias: Agora Gate 
Monument Part
Column (2) 
Monument Type
Architecture 
Material(s)
Aphrodisian marble (Visual identification)  
Date
bc None 
Keywords
GuidelineFlutingColumn Shaft  
Collections
Aphrodisias, Site and Museum  

Location

Original Location
Aphrodisias 

Evidence for working practices

1. Guideline

Process
Laying-out
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Steep (60-70°)
Force: Gentle
Description
A pair of guidelines which mark out the width of the flutes are visible on the right of the lower portion of this shaft.

2. Toolmarks

Process
Flattening
Tool
Tooth Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
Strips of tooth chiselling are visible running down this shaft, alternating with finer flat chiselling. These flat strips mean that the shaft is actually facetted rather than rounded.

3. Toolmarks

Process
Flattening
Tool
Flat Chisel
Method
Angle: Shallow (40-50°)
Force: Gentle
Description
Between the lines of tooth chiselling are lines of flat chiselling. These are the section of the shaft which will be carved into the fillet between the flutes.

4. Toolmarks

Process
Rough shaping
Tool
Point
Method
Angle: Steep (60-70°)
Force: Medium
Description
Lines of point chiselling can be seen on the top portion of this shaft which define the middle of each flute. These lines seem to have been carved when work started on shaping the flutes properly.

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